Volume 07 - Issue 06

Paper Title :: The Structural Specificity of the Scientific Discourse in Socials Sciences
Author Name :: D. Hakem Malika
Country :: Algeria
Page Number :: 01-05
In the process of conducting scientific research, and with scientific impetus momentum; about Western thinking, what the researcher faces and objects to the: obstacle/handicap of language, especially in the Arabic language, where is the field of writing the majority of researchers in the Algerian university, where affects the evaluation of scientific production (article, essay, doctorate, book...). The language of the scientific language, which is measures by the quality of the scientific construction and its specialization; And not just exchange and grammar…For all these reasons, the importance of presenting this article, can be limited to clarifying the basic differences between scientific discourse and literary discourse. In which he was separated, along with the Western epistemologists, thus benefiting from the richness, which enable us to evaluate the research works and benefit them distinctly, the development of the Arabic language and developed from a literary language into a science-producing language under its epistemological conditions.
Keywords: 1- Scienctific discourse. 2- Literary discourse. 3- Epistemology. 4- Language obstacle. 5- Quality of scientific research
[1]. A. Comte: Discours sur l’esprit positif –suivi de cinq documents annexes; par: Jean-Marie Tremblay Février 2002; Les classiques sociales ; Paul-Emil-Boulet de l’Université du Québec à Chicoutimi.
[2]. Auguste Comte: Mai 2002, Cours de philosophie positive; 1ere et 2eme Leçon; Collection: Les classiques des sciences sociales; Pau-Emile-Boulet ; université du Québec à Chicoutimi (version électronique).
[3]. A. Smith: 1776, La main invisible- la richesse des nations, IV, ch2, édition Flammarion en 1991; Tome II.
[4]. Charles de Secondat de Montesquieu: 1995, De l’esprit des lois, édition électronique par: Laurent Versini, Paris, édition Gallimard.
[5]. Djamel Guerid 2013: l’entrée en sociologie: les limites de l’universel européen, implications concrètes dans le monde d’aujourd’hui, Paris, édition Publisud, DL.

Paper Title :: Using Slang Language in Orhan Kemal’s “The First Bread”
Author Name :: Mohammed Kadhim Ahmed
Country :: Iraq
Page Number :: 06-12
The important Turkish writer Orhan Kemal was born in 15September 1914 in Jihan city in Adana Province. He is considered one of the important and famous writers who have great and valuable contributions in different fields of literature like novel, short story, poetry, and drama. Orhan Kemal, who was a prominent figure in writing novel and had unique contributions in Turkishliterature, died while he was 55 years old after having a brain bleeding while he was in a visit to Bulgaria on 2 June 1970. He was buried in a cemetery in Istanbul.
The collection entitled “The First Bread” for Orhan Kemal was published for the first time in 1968 and received a great acceptance by readers either among the Turkish literary elite or among public. In this book, Orhan Kemal, who was one of the famous writers in the movement of social realism, bring together stories of people who migrated to the cities who tried to adjust themselves to the life of the city and enjoy their living in it. “The First Bread” contains a variety of stories among them several stories about the struggle to survive in Anadoul Area.
Slang language is a structure that cannot be understood only by a special age group or in professional field or in a certain job. Although it does not comply with literary language because it is a slang language that spread among all people, it exists in the memory of the society and is used repeatedly in literary works. The purpose of using slang words is to strengthen the expression in authentic tone and friendly style. It helps to explain the situations that are not dangerous like abuse. It can lead to insults or to exaggeration which can be an independent and irresponsible speech. It is a product of the enrichment of the language and popular memory. Slang language is one of hidden aspects of Turkish language. It exists in all languages, but the field of its usage are different. Sometimes we find it in literary styles or writing like novels and short stories specially in the novels that revolve on life of the countryside and villages. This style appears in the style of writing repeatedly in the works of Orhan Kemal who was the main writer of the stories in Anadolu and other villages.
After giving a short summary of the subject of the research paper, I give a section about Orhan Kemal‟s life, one of the important writers in Turkish literature in the twentieth century, and to talk about his literary directions as well as his writings and literary works. The paper studies then the use of slang language in the novel “The First Bread” by Orhan Kemal, which is the subject of the research paper.
Keywords: Orhan Kemal, Bread first, the story, literature, slang, word, rules, expressions, types of words, popular language, exaggeration.
[1]. ALTINKAYNAK Hikmet, (1983). Hikâye Yazarı Orhan Kemal, Ġstanbul.
[2]. BEZĠRCĠ Asım, (1984). Orhan Kemal, Ġstanbul.
[3]. BUYRUKÇU Muzaffer, (1984). ArkadaĢ Anılarında Orhan Kemal, Ġstanbul.
[4]. HASAN, Alaa Falah (2018). „‟Emine Işınsu‟nun Ak Topraklar Başlıklı Romanında Fiillerden Oluşan Deyimler‟‟, AL-USTATH, No 226 Volume 1, College Of Education For Human Scinces-Ibn Rushed University Of Baghdad, s.111-120
[5]. KARACALAR Yusuf Kenan, (1974). Orhan Kemal, Ġstanbul.

Paper Title :: Management of the Arfak Mountains Nature Reserve Based on Local Wisdom of the Arfak Tribe for Sustainable Development
Author Name :: Yoel Dowansiba || Charlie D. Heatubun || Agus I. Sumule || Jonni Marwa
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 13-18
The people of the Arfak Mountains since the time of their ancestors have depended heavily on nature/forests for their livelihoods. On the other hand, the Government feels the need to take preventive action to prevent uncontrolled exploitation which causes natural damage, including clearing land for infrastructure development and also building access roads. connecting Manokwari district, South Manokwari district. Therefore, communities around the Arfak Mountains Nature Reserve area are adapting to the new 'reality' they face, through social and ecological construction. The aim of this research is: To determine the socio-ecological construction of the Arfak Mountains community as a social adaptation and ecological adaptation to the existence of the Arfak Mountains Nature Reserve. The research was conducted from November-December 2023. The research method was carried out by interviewing traditional tribal heads, people who hunt, and village heads.As a result of the searches carried out, all respondents in this study clearly expressed the benefits of the existence of a forest environment (including areas designated as Nature Reserve areas). The main benefits obtained from the environment are: as a source of food (especially game animals), a source of traditional medicinal ingredients, rope, and construction materials. The existence of these beneficial values makes the Arfak Mountains environment an integral part of the life system of the Arfak tribe in general, including the Hatam sub-tribe. Traditional knowledge about environmental management, including local wisdom, and local genius in society can certainly be revealed and useful if studied scientifically to become a scientific product which can then be integrated into a better and measurable conservation area management system. Universities and Research Institutes here play a significant role as independent institutions capable of producing new knowledge for society, including in regional management systems.
Keywords: Arfak Mountains, Local Wisdom, Management, Sustainable Development
[1]. Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). 2021. “Kabupaten Pegunungan Arfak Dalam Angka”. Papua Barat.
[2]. Dowansiba S. “Personal communication in Mokwam” 2023.
[3]. Laksono P.M, Almira R, Aprilia B.H, Gunawan, A. Mandacan, N. Mansoara. 2001. “Iya Ser Hanjob Masyarakat Arfak dan Konsep Konservasi”. KEHATI, PSAP-UGM, YBLBC. Yogyakarta.
[4]. Mulyadi, dan D. Iyai. 2016. “Pengaruh Nilai Budaya Lokal Terhadap Motivasi Bertani Suku Arfak di Papua Barat”. Jurnal Peternakan Sriwijaya, 5 (1) : 18-29.
[5]. Mulyadi, B. G. Sugihen, P. S.Asngari, dan D. Susanto. 2007. “Proses Adopsi Inovasi Pertanian Suku Pedalaman Arfak di Kabupaten Manokwari-Papua Barat”. Jurnal Penyuluhn, 3(2) :110-118.

Paper Title :: Analysis on Income Distribution Inequality: A Case Study of Regencies and Cities in West Java, Indonesia
Author Name :: Anggie Alnurin Prasetya || Anindya Nitisari || Restu Arisanti
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 19-39
Income inequality stems from differences in the allocation of production components, resulting in regional imbalances. This imbalance can lead to social inequities, restricted access to high-quality education and healthcare, a diminished quality of life due to unfulfilled fundamental requirements, and economic instability. The objective of this study is to analyzed the impact of various factors on income distribution disparity, as assessed by the Gini Ratio, in order to provide valuable insights for more effective policy formulation towards the country's future progress. The study employs secondary data, specifically social and population data from the Central Statistics Agency of West Java Province and analyzed it using panel data regression modeling. Using the Random Effects Model (REM), the analysis shows that the education index and regional minimum wage (RMW) have a noteworthy and detrimental impact on income inequality in West Java. In contrast, the labor force participation rate (LFPR) has a notable and meaningful impact on income inequality throughout the same time frame. During the study period, population density had a negative effect on income inequality, although this effect was not statistically significant. The unique aspect of this study is its thorough analysis of many socio-economic elements within a recent time period, specifically focusing on West Java, an area characterized by a wide range of economic situations. The findings enhance the existing body of knowledge by emphasizing particular factors that policymakers should take into account when dealing with income distribution inequality. This will assist in developing economic policies that are more efficient and focused.
Keywords: Education index, Regional Minimum Wage, Labor Force Participation Rate, Population density,Income inequality, Panel data regression.
[1] Dihni, V. A. (2022). Ini provinsi Dengan Ketimpangan tertinggi Pada Maret 2022: Databoks. Pusat Data Ekonomi dan Bisnis Indonesia. dengan-ketimpangan-tertinggi-pada-maret-2022.
[2] Dwiningsih, N. (2020). Analisa Penggunaan Metode Penelitian Regresi Data Panel Pada Studi Kasus Skripsi Mahasiswa Bimbingan Prodi Manajemen Universitas Trilogi. Laporan Penelitian, 18-19.
[3] Gini Index - Indonesia. World Bank Open Data. (n.d.). map
[4] Hernaningsih, F. (2018). Pengaruh Kestabilan Inflasi Dan Ketimpangan Pendapatan Terhadap Daya Beli Masyarkat. Jurnal Ilmiah M-Progress, 8(2).
[5] Humairo, M. (2021). Analisis Faktor Sosial Ekonomi yang Mempengaruhi Ketimpangan Pendapatan Dalam Mewujudkan Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Indonesia. ab-2-Tinjauan-Pustaka.pdf.

Paper Title :: Social Security Benefits for People Working on Technology Platforms
Author Name :: Dao Xuan Hoi
Country :: Vietnam
Page Number :: 40-45
The article talks about social security benefits for people working on technology platforms, emphasizing the role of social security in ensuring income and life for workers, especially those who work on technology platforms. people working on technology platforms. The article also points out that social security not only ensures minimum income benefits, but also improves risk management capacity, income distribution, promotes sustainable employment and develops the labour market. movement, and improve the efficiency of social management. This highlights the role of social security in an increasingly changing working environment that depends heavily on technology and especially those working for technology platforms.
Keywords: Social Security, platform workers, employment, Labour relations, Labour laws; Trade Union; Vietnam.
[1]. Daniel, K. T. (2009). From Cyberspace to Cyberpower: Defining the Problem.
[2]. Hoang Dinh Phi. (nd). Technology Management Curriculum. Hanoi: Hanoi National University Publishing House.
[3]. Hoang Phe. (2003). Vietnamese Dictionary. Danang: Danang Publishing House.
[4]. Ministry of Labour, I. a. (2017, 09 18). 7 types of social assistance are encouraged by the state to be established . Retrieved from
[5]. Nguyen Quang Thuan. (2023). Doctoral thesis Application of information technology in teaching Citizenship Education subject in the direction of developing student capacity in high schools today.