Volume 03 - Issue 10

Paper Title :: Authentic Leadership as an Effective Tool for Enhancing Productive Tendencies and Followership Motivation
Author Name :: Sunday Ewah || Joseph I. Ogah || Uno Ilem Ajah.
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 01-11
The research paper is premised on authentic leadership as a modern management tool that is most likely to improve outcome and productivity in organization. The researchers formulated three research objectives, which also guided the formulation of research questions and hypotheses. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire administered randomly to respondents in ten cities in Nigeria. The researchers tested the three hypotheses developed for the study using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the major findings include, (1) authentic leadership in an organization does not encourage or lead to corporate deficiencies and management malfeasance, (2) authentic leadership in practice does not degenerate to decline in productive tendencies and followers motivation, and (3) authentic leadership traits, such as vision, self-confidence, decisiveness, and good sense of judgment, positively influence outcome of events in work situation. In conclusion it was recommended that at all time the leader of a team in a work environment should maintain a high degree of truthfulness and consistency in actions and behaviour in order to command followership.
Keywords: Authentic, Leadership, Productivity, Organizations, Truthful, Consistency.
[1]. Anyanwu, A. (2005) Research Methodology in Business and Social Sciences. First Edition. Owerri, Nigeria Canun Publishers Nig, Ltd. 259p
[2]. Avolio, B. (2010) Pursuing Authentic Leadership Development. In N. Nohria and R. Khurana (Eds), Hand
[3]. Book of Leadership Theory and practice: A Harvard Business School Centennial Colloquium, Boston
[4]. Avolio, B., Walumbwa, F. and Weber, T. (2009) Leadership; Current Theories, Research and Future Direction. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421 – 449
[5]. Besen, F., Tecchio, E., and Fialho, F. A. P. (2015) Authentic Leadership and Knowledge Management.

Paper Title :: Vegetable Cover of Soils in the Kwilu Valley in Bulungu Territory/ Rd. Congo
Author Name :: Azangidi M || Kidikwadi T || Lutete L || Belesi K || Lubini A
Country :: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Page Number :: 12-21
Through spatio-temporal analyses, the present study focused on the evolution of the vegetation cover of soils between 2001 and 2018. The Mikwi, Kwilu-Kimbata and Kilunda Sectors in the Bulungu Territory, Kwilu Province in the Democratic Republic of Congo constitute our dition. The area thus defined fits well into the Kasai Sector, the Regional Center of Guinean-Congolese Endemism. The estimated area is equivalent to 385101.8 ha. The main objective of the study consisted in discovering the direction of the evolution of the plant cover by quantifying the reduction of the area between 2001 and 2018, in order to foresee actions that could mitigate the effects of the original causes. The material used for this research consisted mainly of botanical samples for scientific identification and characterization, vegetation maps of the Kwilu Province, satellite images covering the study area. Surveys of the sites were carried out based on the observations of the constituent elements of the environmental factors. The results obtained show that the base and terminal years are marked by the predominance of the light green color which corresponds to herbaceous formations. Despite this prevalence of the light green color between the two years, the difference in contrast is very significant, reflecting a regressive evolution of the forests marked by a decrease in the bright green and light green colouring (secondary forests). Statistical analyses indicate that the rate of deforestation between the two reference years is 23.90% with an average annual rate of deforestation per hectare of 1.32%. Applied analysis of variance shows a significant difference between the two years, with ANOVA (f=1.865; df=6.392; p value=0.9997). The expansion of agricultural areas, the exploitation of timber and fuelwood, and the manufacture of charcoal are indicators of the degradation of these forests that induce regressive forest dynamics. These disturbances have effects on biological resources, agricultural production, climate and water.
Keywords: Kwilu Valley, Ecosystem, Vegetation cover, Land cover, Deforestation, Degradation.
[1]. Anonymous, (1983) Tropical Forest ecosystem. A report on the state of knowledge prepared by UNESCO, UNEP and FAO, printed by Presses Universitaires de Paris, France 736 pp.
[2]. Barima (2010) Relationship between floristic composition and indicators of vegetation cover fragmentation in a forest-savanna transition region.
[3]. Belesi K.H., (2009 b) Informal drivers of deforestation in the DRC-Final research report (Consultancy in collaboration with Greenpeace / DRC), Kinshasa, 115 p.
[4]. Bogaert J. Bamba I., Kabulu JP., Koffi K.J De Conniere C., Visser M. et Sobomana S. (2008) Fragmentation of Forest Landscapes in Central Africa ; causes, conséquences and management. In Patterns and Processus in Forest Landscapes;
[5]. Defourny J-P., Delhage C., Kibambe L., J-P., (2012) Quantitative analysis of the causes of deforestation and forest degradation in the Democratic Republic of Congo. FAO report, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Paper Title :: Management and Leadership Roles of Learner Representative Council Members at Schools
Author Name :: Selma Ndeyapo Kandjengo || Elock Emvula Shikalepo
Country :: Namibia
Page Number :: 22-31
Public schools in Namibia are mandated to establish a learner leadership structure to assist with the management and leadership functions of schools. The purpose of the study was to establish the management and leadership functions of Learner Representative Council members in schools, with the aim of raising awareness among school communities about the exactfunctions of the Learner Representative Councils members in schools.A case study design was used for the study, whose sample comprised of a school principal, teachers and learners of Oshana Region. All participants were selected using purposive sampling. The data was collected with document analysis, semi-structured questionnaires, interviews, observation and journaling, and analysed by establishing themes. The study found out that the management and leadership roles of Learner Representative Council members relate to the supervision of study and tests at school, monitoring of other learners at school and leading in organising social events and activities at school. In addition, learner leaders were also charged with the responsibility of being a conduit for communications between teachers and learners at school.The study established that Learner Representative Council members have proven management and leadership functionsat school, for which the school should afford learner leaders an opportunity to exercise their management and leadership responsibilities. The study recommended that school authorities should educate the learner community about the necessity, presence and roles of the Learner Representative Council to ensure less resistance from learners towards learner leaders for a smooth execution of the management and leadership functions by learner leaders.
Keywords: Learner leadership, Learner representative council, Leadership, Management, learner voice, learner leader
[1]. Berg, B. L. (2001). Qualitative research methods for social sciences (4thed.). Boston: Allyn& Bacon.
[2]. Bertram, C., & Christiansen, L. (2014). Understanding research: An introduction to reading research. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
[3]. Borg, S. (2001). The research journal: a tool for promoting and understanding researcher development. Language Teaching Research, 5(2), 156-177.
[4]. Bush, T. (2003). Theories of educational leadership and management (3rded.). London: SAGE Publications.
[5]. Chavez, C. (2008). Conceptualizing from inside: advantages, complications and demands on insider positionality. The Qualitative Report, 13(3), 474-494.

Paper Title :: Study on the reflection of the thoughts and ideas of Rajani Kanta Sen, Composer cum Lyrist and eminent Poet among the future generation and to spread the message to the cultural minded people about the Art and Culture of Bengali Song
Author Name :: Dr. Pradip Kumar Das || Mrs. Kumkum Bhattacharyya || Mr.Haradhan Rakshit || Mr. Subhankar Bhattacharyya
Country :: India
Page Number :: 32-37
Remembering the works of Great Poet cum Composer and Lyrist, RajaniKanta Sen on the occasion of 155 years of his Birth celebration, a vibrating message is given to the future generation and encourage them to cultivate his thoughts and ideas so that they can prepare themselves to stand in their own foot and to create a congenial cultural atmosphere in future and they will be motivated to involve the next generation in the same way so that a sustainable cultural development can be achieved. This Seminar cum training workshop is also initiated with a noble cause of motivating and guiding the cultural minded participants for starting their own venture in cultural programme which added another feather of achievement to its hat So one day seminar cum training workshop conducted by Swasthya Bhabna Welfare Society and Surangan-Abhijnan make the ground work for the trainees with motivation for setting up congenial cultural environment in their vicinity.
Keywords: Rajanikanta- Poet cum Composer and Lyrist, Swasthya Bhabna Welfare Society & Surangan-Abhijnan- Registered Society under Govt. Societies Registration Act
[1]. Islam, Sirajul (2012). "Sen, Rajanikanta". In Islam, Sirajul; Sayeed, Abul (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
[2]. "Rajanikanta Sen" (in Bengali). Abasar. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
[3]. Pandit, Nalini Ranjan (1921). Kanta Kabi Rajanikanta. Bengal Book Company.
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[5]. "Anandabazar Patrika 26 July 2016". Retrieved 26 July 2018.

Paper Title :: Participation of Women in the Unorganized Sector; Causes and Their Contribution to Household Income for their Children Education: A Case of Women Servants in Aligarh
Author Name :: Elhamuddin Safi || Dr. AbulAzeez N. P.
Country :: India
Page Number :: 38-44
The unorganized sector becomes the central part of the Indian economy, where household-based manufacturing and non-manufacturing activities are being done. National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) in 2009-10 shows that the total employment in India was 46.5 crore, which consisted of 2.8 crores in the organized/formal sector while the remaining 43.7 crores in the unorganized sector. The unorganized sector employment sequences have comprised of agriculture 24.6 crores, construction 4.4 crore, manufacturing, and service sectors. Many studies indicated that women workers in unorganized are busy with rag works, pickers, domestic services, coolies, vendors, beauticians, construction working and garment works. Almost all studies and research have been agreed that women workers in unorganized sectors face with almost same challenges and problems due to lack of education and skills, but it should be mentioned that even unfair working condition, low wages, discrimination, hard work and unlighted life, their earned income contribute to total household income. This study tries to explore the causes of participation of women in the unorganized sector, especially in domestic servants, and its effects on household income and their children's education, which makes the challenge to contemporary India. So, this study based on a survey approach to gathering information through a structured questionnaire directly from the households, servants, who already involved in the field-work in New Sir Syed Nagar, Aligarh. The result of the survey will be analyzed using descriptive statistical tools.n
Keywords: Women Workers, Unorganized Sector, Domestic workers, Income Contribution, Children Education
[1]. Monisha S. and Rani PL. (2016); Women Working in Unorganized Sector – A Conceptual Study. Indian Journal of Applied Study. ISSN – 2249-555X.
[2]. Dr. K.A. Rajanna (2015) Socio-economic Status of Women Workers in Construction Industry: a Case Study. Chikmagalur District of Karnataka. IJMSS Vol.03 Issue-03, (March, 2015) ISSN: 2321-1784 International Journal in Management and Social Science (Impact Factor- 3.25).
[3]. Wadhera, K. (1976), The New Bread-winners: Study on Situation of Young Working Women, VishwaYuvak Kendra, New Delhi.
[4]. Tripathy S.N and Das, S. 1991. Informal women laborer in India. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House.
[5]. Dholakia, Ravindra H. (1992), “Wage Differentials between Sexes in India: An Explanation”, in Sharma, Alakh N. and Singh, Seema (ed), “Women and Work Changing Scenario in India”, Indian Society of LaborEconomics and B.R. Publishing Corporation.

Paper Title :: A Historical Study on Indigenous Beliefs, Rituals and Practices of the Adis tribe of Arunachal Pradesh
Author Name :: Prof. Ashan Riddi || Shri, Nuyu Mize
Country :: India
Page Number :: 45-52
Every tribe has their own religious beliefs and practices and their religion is mainly concerned with the worship of God and Spirits. Arunachal Pradesh is a land of numerous tribes having different ethnic and linguistic background. Among this tribe, Adis is a major tribe of the Tani group of Arunachal Pradesh having their unique history of the indigenous religion, rituals ad practices from generation to generation. In fact the lack of indigenous written records and scriptures among Adi people had great barrier in the reconstruction of their history. The Adis had their own rich traditional beliefs and practices called Donyi-Polo or Donyi-Polosim religion. In the simple literary term „Donyi‟ means the sun and „Polo‟ means the moon. The Adis society has a faith and belief on Donyi-Polo (the supreme being of the universe) since the birth of human being. They believe that Donyi-Polo is the planner, creator, and preserver of all beings including planets of the universe. Further Adis indigenous rituals practices like animals sacrifice, role of miri (priest), Rogum (ritual to cure bad omen and dream), Riddin Punam (ritual to tied sacred thread to hair or wrist of a person), Motum-moyeng (sacrifice of domestic animal at the gate to protect evil spirit), Ipak (ritual practices for curing sickness), etc., had play a key role for the indigenous rituals ceremonies to cure the ailing person without meditation and pray for them had great significant. With this background, the present study makes an attempt to highlight the indigenous religious, ritual and practices through historical study of the Adis of Arunachal Pradesh. Further, it endeavors to give a historical account on religion ceremonies of the Adis community which practices from their generation.
Keywords: Donyi-Polo, Miri, Ceremonies, ritual practices.
[1]. Shri, Tahan Tali Ex-ASM of Pangkang Kumku village. 20.02.2019.
[2]. Er. Tayi Taggu, Director of Indigenous Faith, Itanagar. 30.05.2019
[3]. Shri, Kaling Borang, Social Worker, Pasighat. 18.12. 2019.
[4]. Shri, Bani Danggen, Public Leader, Yingkiong. 25.02.2018.
[5]. Shri, Tapon Tasing, Goan Bura, Riga Village, 05.01.2020.

Paper Title :: Residential Factors Association towards Pneumonia among Indonesian Toddlers: A Meta-Analysis
Author Name :: Gressy Rizkiana || Nurjazuli || Sulistiyani Sulistiyani
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 53-58
Pneumonia is widely known as an acute respiratory infection or inflammation that attacks the human lungs and has become The Forgotten Silent Killer of Children. UNICEF 2019 stated that 15% of toddler deaths are caused by pneumonia or around 802,000 child deaths under five years of age worldwide with a 10,4% Incidence rate. The incident of pneumonia occurs in Asia and Africa, specifically in the middle–low-income countries. One of the risk factors of pneumonia among toddlers was residential factors. This study aimed to determine the residential factors which were associated with pneumonia among toddlers through a meta-analysis approach. The meta-analysis was conducted by collecting 22 case-control studies from several journals. The combined effect of odds ratios was calculated through a fixed effect model and random effect model using Microsoft Excel Epiyudin. Based on the results of the analysis on 8 variables of residential factors which were associated with pneumonia among toddlers, it was found that odds ratio and confident interval of the house occupancy density 2,29 (95% CI 1,70–3,06); room occupancy density 1,94 (95% CI 1,41–2,68); humidity 1,87 ( 95% CI 1,35–2,59); the intensity of lightning inside house 11,12 (95% CI 8,45–14,64); ventilation 2,46 (95% CI 1,94–3,11); house temperature 1,93 (95% CI 1,42–2,64); house floor 2,18 (95% CI 1,59–2,97); and type of wall 1,92 (95% CI 1,37–2,68). These results can be used as a screening method and appropriate intervention for pneumonia among toddlers.
Keywords: Pneumonia, residential factors, meta–analysis, odds ratio.
[1] Spesialis Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, “Pneumonia,” in Modul Respirologi, (p. 1593–5), Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, 2018
[2] UNICEF, “Pneumonia,” Nov., 2019. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Oct. 8, 2020]
[3] NHS, “Overview: Pneumonia,” Jun. 30, 2019. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Oct. 11, 2020]
[4] Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2019. Vol. 8, Kemenkes RI, Pusat Data dan Informasi, 2019.
[5] S. Hartati, N. Nurhaeni, D. Gayatri, “Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Pneumonia pada Anak Balita,” Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 15 (1), pp.13-20, 2012.

Paper Title :: Emotion Regulation in Junior High School Adolescents
Author Name :: Rosadi || Irwan and Dinni || Siti || Muthia
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 59-63
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of emotion regulation as a strategy for adolescents in managing every emotion that is being experienced. The research subjects were six participants with the criteria of adolescents who have high emotional regulation scores, namely> 27 based on the mental emotional scale measurement published by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. The results of this study indicated that there was an increase in the emotional regulation scores experienced by the six participants. Data analysis was also carried out with the SPSS version 21 program. The data analysis method used to see the differences in the pretest - posttest in determining the outcome of the intervention was the non-parametric test using the Wilcoxon test. The analysis showed that the value of Z = -2.675 with a significance of p = 0.007 (p <0.05). This indicates a significant difference between emotional regulation experienced by participants before and after following the group therapy process.
Keywords: emotion regulation, adolescents
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